The Diverse Coffees of Indonesia

  • Sumatra
  • Java
  • Bali
  • Sulawesi
  • Flores
  • Papua

In 1696, the Dutch brought coffee to Batavia, in what is now Java.  Batavia soon became the main supplier of coffee to Europe.  Over the past 312 years, the names "Java" and "Sumatra" have become virtually synonymous with flavorful coffee.  Connoisseurs of specialty coffee also know the names Bali, Lintong, Toraja, Kalosi, Gayo, and Mandheling.   Beyond these well known regions, coffee from new areas, such as Wamena and Moanemani in Papua wait to be discovered. 

In 2007, a group of farmers, processors, exporters, roasters and retailers decided to form the Specialty Coffee Association of Indonesia (SCAI), to promote and improve the quality of Arabica coffee grown in Indonesia.  

SCAI membership is open to any individual or organization that is working with Arabica coffee from Indonesia.  This includes individual farmers, farmers’ associations, buyers, roasters, exporters, retailers and anyone else who shares our goals.  

The association’s credo is “Excellence in Diversity”.  This describes the flavors of Indonesia’s coffee, as well as the farmers who grow it and the environment where is it produced.  Each of Indonesia’s ecosystems and soils produces coffee with its own characteristic cupping profile, associated with the region where it was grown. 

Much of Indonesia’s Arabica coffee is grown and processed by small-holder farmers.  Their traditional processing techniques add a layer of complexity not found in other specialty coffees.